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To participate in this event:
1. Read CME information.
2. View course materials.
3. Complete assessment. 
4. Obtain CME credit.


The Future of Cardiac Pacing

Date of Online Release: March 17, 2009
Recent Review: August 2013
Termination Date: August 3, 2015 
Credits: .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
See link to Course Materials below.

CME Information - Overview

This presentation  provides information about new areas in pacing therapy. Topics include: the risks and benefits of MRI scanning in patients with implantable pacemakers and defibrillators, new technologies to provide pacemakers and defibrillators with energy, and the future of pacing and defibrillation without implantable leads. 

Educational Objectives
The intended result of this activity is increased knowledge. At the conclusion of this program, participants should be able to-

  • Explain the risks of MRI scanning in patients with implantable defibrillators.
  • Monitor patients with implantable devices who require MRI scanning.
  • Identify the use of new technologies being developed to provide power for pacemakers.
  • Review the development of pacemakers and defibrillators without implantable leads and how they sense abnormal rhythms.

Target Audience
The intended audience for this continuing medical education activity includes cardiac electrophysiologists, cardiologists, and internists.

Method of Instruction / Participation
This online enduring material comprises slide sets with text and audio derived from a live cardiology grand rounds presentation with post activity assessment and evaluation.

Evaluation / Feedback
We value your feedback; please send your suggestions and comments to the office of continuing medical education at Texas Heart Institute.


   Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, MD 

Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, MD
Medical College of Virginia
Richmond, Virginia



Acknowledgement of Support
We acknowledge the following for its support of the live event from which this activity was derived: St. Jude Medical, Inc. No grants were received for the production of this online enduring material.

Accreditation / Credit Designation 

Texas Heart Institute is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Texas Heart Institute designates this enduring material for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Estimated Study Time
The estimated time to complete this activity, including review of the materials and completion of the course assessment is 45 minutes.

Repurposing Statement
If you previously completed and received credit for the live CME-sponsored grand rounds entitled, The Future of Cardiac Pacing, on January 30, 2009, please note that you will not receive credit for completing this activity. Participants who take part in an identical activity, even in order to validate learning or to clarify specific topics, cannot claim, nor will the Texas Heart Institute award, duplicate credit for the activity.

Disclosure of Relationships
It is the intent of the Texas Heart Institute to ensure that its educational mission and its continuing medical activities in particular, should not be influenced by the special interests of individuals associated with its program.

Faculty Disclosure
In accordance with the guidelines of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education, faculty members have disclosed their relationships, either with one or more of the manufacturers of commercial products discussed, or with one or more of the corporate organizations offering educational grants for the live continuing medical education activity.

Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, MD discloses the following, relevant to this program: Grant/Research Support—Medtronic, Inc., Boston Scientific Corporation, and St. Jude Medical, Inc.; Consultant—Medtronic, Inc., Boston Scientific Corporation, St. Jude Medical, Inc. and Sorin Biomedical, Inc.; Speaker’s Bureau—Support—Medtronic, Inc., Boston Scientific Corporation, St. Jude Medical, Inc., and BIOTRONIK.
Course Materials and CME Credit 

This online enduring material comprises one presentation. By clicking on the course materials link, you acknowledge that you have reviewed the CME information provided above. After viewing the presentation, you must complete an assessment and evaluation to obtain CME credit for this activity.

Course Materials

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